Frequently Asked Quetions
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You received a notice because you or someone in your family is or may have been a participant in or a beneficiary of one of the Plans at some time between July 6, 2011 and April 15, 2019.
The Court ordered the notice to be sent to you because you have a right to know about the Settlement and all of the options available to you regarding the Settlement before the Court decides whether to approve the Settlement. If the Court approves the Settlement, and after any objections and appeals are resolved, the Net Settlement Fund will be allocated among Members of the Settlement Class according to a Court-approved Plan of Allocation.
The Court in charge of this case is the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island. The individuals who sued are called “Plaintiffs,” and the entity they sued is called the “Defendant.” The legal action that is the subject of the notice and the Settlement is titled Short v. Brown University, Case No. 1:17-cv-00318 (D.R.I).
The Action claims that the Defendant was a fiduciary to the Plans and violated fiduciary duties under ERISA that it owed to the Plans’ participants and beneficiaries. Plaintiffs allege Defendant breached certain fiduciary duties by causing the Plans to incur higher administrative fees and expenses than reasonable and necessary. Plaintiffs also allege Defendant breached certain fiduciary duties by continuing to permit investment by the Plans’ participants in the CREF Stock Account and the TIAA Real Estate Account. In the Complaint, Plaintiffs have asserted causes of action for losses they contend were suffered by the Plans as the result of these alleged breaches of fiduciary duty by Defendant.
Defendant vigorously denies each and every allegation of wrongdoing made in the Complaint and contends that it has no liability in the Action. Defendant specifically denies the allegations that it breached any fiduciary duty or any other provisions of ERISA in connection with the administrative fees or expenses incurred by the Plans, the investments in the Plans, or the TIAA participant loan program at any time, and further denies that it in any way failed to act prudently or loyally to the Plans’ participants and beneficiaries.
In a class action, one or more plaintiffs called “Class Representatives” sue on behalf of a large number of people who have similar claims. All of the individuals on whose behalf the Class Representatives are suing are “Class Members.” One court resolves the issues for all Class Members. In its order setting the Fairness Hearing, the Court preliminarily certified the Settlement Class in the Action.
The Class Representatives in this Action, Diane G. Short, Judith Daviau and Joseph Barboza, were participants in the Plans during the Class Period and are referred to as the “Plaintiffs.”
The Court has not reached any final decision in connection with Plaintiffs’ claims against the Defendant. Instead, Plaintiffs and Defendant have agreed to a Settlement. In reaching the Settlement, they have avoided the cost, risks, time, and disruption of prolonged litigation and trial.
Class Counsel believe that the Settlement is the best option for the Settlement Class Members, as described above on page 3 of the notice in the section entitled “Statement of Potential Outcome of the Action.”
The Court has conditionally certified that this Settlement shall proceed on behalf of everyone who fits the following description:
All participants and beneficiaries who had a balance in either the Brown University Deferred Vesting Retirement Plan or the Brown University Legacy Retirement Plan (the “Plans”) during the Class Period, excluding any participant who is a fiduciary to either of the Plans.
The “Class Period” is defined as July 6, 2011 through April 15, 2019.
The Settlement provides that Defendant will pay or cause its fiduciary insurance carrier to pay $3,500,000 (the “Settlement Amount”) into an account at a financial institution identified by Class Counsel, which shall constitute the Settlement Fund. The net amount of the Settlement Fund, after payment of Court-approved attorneys’ fees and expenses, awards to the Plaintiffs, excess fees and expenses incurred by the Independent Fiduciary, and any fees and expenses incurred by the Settlement Administrator, will be allocated to the Members of the Settlement Class according to a Plan of Allocation to be approved by the Court if and when the Court enters an order finally approving the Settlement. In addition, the Settlement provides Prospective Relief, including requiring Defendant to use commercially reasonable best efforts to reduce recordkeeping fees for the Plans over the next three years, and to conduct a Request for Proposal process for the role of independent investment advisor to the Plans.
If you qualify, you will receive a pro rata share of the Net Settlement Fund. The Settlement payment is a compromise. It does not compensate participants for 100% of their claimed losses.
Class Counsel will file a detailed Plan of Allocation in advance of the Fairness Hearing. The Plan of Allocation will describe the manner in which the Net Settlement Fund will be distributed to Members of the Settlement Class. In general terms, the Plan of Allocation will provide that each Settlement Class Member’s share of the Net Settlement Fund will be calculated as follows:
The percentage of the Net Settlement Amount to be allocated to each Member of the Settlement Class will be calculated by dividing the sum of a Settlement Class Member’s month-end account balances for each month during the Class Period by the sum of month-end account balances for each month during the Class Period of all of Members of the Settlement Class during the Class Period.
Those Members of the Settlement Class who are former Plan participants and whose pro rata share is less than $25.00 (the “De Minimis Amount”) shall receive an allocation of zero from the Net Settlement Fund.
The Settlement Administrator will perform all calculations and determine your pro rata amount. The Settlement Administrator will have access to all available records, so you do not need to be concerned if you no longer have your account statements. The Court will be asked to approve the Plan of Allocation, a copy of which will be available along with other settlement documents on this website after it has been filed.
If the Settlement is given final approval, you will not have to do anything to get a payment from the Settlement if you are entitled to one under the Plan of Allocation.
The balance of the Net Settlement Fund will be allocated to Members of the Settlement Class pursuant to the Plan of Allocation as soon as possible after final approval has been obtained for the Settlement, including any appeals. Any appeal of the final approval may take a year or more. Please be patient.
There will be no payments if the Settlement is terminated.
The Stipulation may be terminated on several grounds, which are described in the Stipulation. In the event any of these conditions occur, there will be no settlement payment made, and the litigation will resume.
No. In some class actions, class members have the opportunity to exclude themselves from the Settlement. This is sometimes referred to as “opting out” of the Settlement. Because of the legal issues involved in the Action, however, the class of participants affected by this Settlement has been preliminarily certified as a mandatory class. This means you cannot opt out of the benefits of the Settlement in order to pursue your own claims or for any other reason. Therefore, you will be bound by any judgments or orders that are entered in this Action, and if the Settlement is approved, you will be deemed to have released Defendant from any and all claims that were or could have been asserted in this case on your behalf or on behalf of the Plans or that are otherwise included in the release in the Settlement, other than your right to obtain the relief provided to you, if any, by the Settlement.
Although you cannot opt out of the Settlement, you can object to the Settlement and ask the Court not to approve the Settlement, as described below.
The Court has preliminarily designated Schneider Wallace Cottrell Konecky Wotkyns LLP, Berger Montague PC, and the Law Offices of Sonja L. Deyoe as Class Counsel for the Settlement Class. If you want to be represented by your own lawyer, you may hire one at your own expense.
Class Counsel will file a petition for the award of attorneys’ fees and expenses by July 3, 2019, after which a copy will be posted on this website. This petition will be considered at the Fairness Hearing. Defendant has agreed not to oppose the amount of attorneys’ fees, costs, or expenses or any award to the Plaintiffs to the extent such fees, costs, expenses, and awards are consistent with the terms of the Stipulation. Class Counsel have agreed to limit their application for an award of attorneys’ fees to not more than 30% of the Settlement Amount, plus out-of-pocket costs.
Plaintiffs will also request a case contribution award from the Settlement Fund to compensate them for the time and effort they spent assisting with the investigation and prosecution of the case. Class Counsel will request that the Court approve case contribution awards of $5,000 for each of the three Plaintiffs.
You have the right to object to this aspect of the Settlement even if you approve of the other aspects of the Settlement.
If you are a Member of the Settlement Class, you can object to the Settlement if you do not agree with any part of it. You can give reasons why you think the Court should not approve the Settlement. The Court will consider your views. To object, you must send a letter or other written filing saying that you object to the Settlement. Be sure to include the following case caption and notation: “Short v. Brown University, Case No. 1:17-cv-00318 (D.R.I).” In addition, your objection must also include your name, address, telephone number, and signature and the reasons why you object to the Settlement. Any objection must be signed by the Settlement Class Member even if an attorney is retained by the Settlement Class Member. Mail the objection to each of the addresses listed below, postmarked no later than July 18, 2019. You must mail your objection by this date. If you fail to do so, the Court will not consider your objections. If you plan to speak at the Fairness Hearing, you must send a Notice of Intention to Appear along with your objection, as described below:
Clerk, U.S. District Court
One Exchange Terrace
Federal Building and Courthouse
Providence, RI 02903
Berger Montague PC
1818 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Cottrell Konecky Wotkyns LLP
8501 N. Scottsdale Road, Suite 270
Scottsdale, AZ 85253
Nixon Peabody LLP
One Embarcadero Center, Floor 32
San Francisco, CA 94111
Alston & Bird, LLP
950 F Street N.W.
Washington, DC 20004
The Court will hold a Fairness Hearing to decide whether to approve the Settlement as fair, reasonable, and adequate. You may attend the Fairness Hearing, and you may ask to speak, but you do not have to attend. The Court will hold the Fairness Hearing on August 1, 2019 at 10:00 a.m. in Courtroom 3 at the U.S. District Court, One Exchange Terrace, Federal Building and Courthouse, Providence, RI 02903. At that hearing, the Court will consider whether the Settlement is fair, reasonable, and adequate. If there are objections, the Court will consider them. After the Fairness Hearing, the Court will decide whether to approve the Settlement. The Court will also rule on the motions for attorney’s fees and expenses and the request for Plaintiff contribution awards.
No, but you are welcome to come at your own expense. If you send an objection, you do not have to attend the Fairness Hearing to voice your objection in person. As long as you mail your written objection on time, the Court will consider it when determining whether to approve the Settlement as fair, reasonable, and adequate. You also may pay your own lawyer to attend the Fairness Hearing, but attendance is not necessary.
Only if you have previously filed an objection to the Settlement may you ask the Court for permission to speak at the Fairness Hearing. To do so, you must send a letter or other paper called a “Notice of Intention to Appear at Fairness Hearing in Short v. Brown University, Case No. 1:17-cv-00318 (D.R.I).” Be sure to include your name, address, telephone number, and signature. Your Notice of Intention to Appear must be postmarked no later than July 18, 2019 and be sent to the Clerk of the Court, Class Counsel, and Defendant’s Counsel at the addresses listed above in FAQ 13.
If you do nothing and you are a Member of the Settlement Class and the Settlement is approved, you will participate in the Settlement of the Action as described in this notice.
The notice summarizes the proposed Settlement. The complete Settlement is set forth in the Stipulation of Settlement. You may obtain a copy of the Stipulation of Settlement in the 'Documents' section of this website or you may request one be mailed to you by contacting the Settlement Administrator at 1-833-253-8064.
Class Counsel may be reached at: Todd Collins, Berger Montague PC, 1818 Market Street, Suite 3600, Philadelphia, PA 19103; firstname.lastname@example.org; (215) 875-3000, or John Nestico, Schneider Wallace Cottrell Konecky Wotkyns LLP, 8501 N. Scottsdale Road, Suite 270, Scottsdale, AZ 85253; email@example.com; (480) 428-0145.
You may also contact the Settlement Administrator at 1-833-253-8064 or through the Contact section of this website.
Documents are also available at the office of the Clerk located at the U.S. District Court, One Exchange Terrace, Federal Building and Courthouse, Providence, RI 02903.